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Development and Management of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism

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Additional Info

  • Type of Module/Course: Prescribed Core Module
  • Level of Module / Course: Postgraduate Course
  • Year of Study: 1st
  • Semester: 2nd
  • Number of credits allocated: 4,5 ECTS
  • Number of teaching units: 3
  • Name of lecturer / lecturers: Anna Kyriakaki
  • Content outline:

    The module analyses the factors which contributed to the development of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism. The reasons led in the quest of different development patterns at local level, are also studied. Additionally, the module focuses on the issue of the environmental protection, which consists a necessity for the host community in many destinations. The discussion expands also to the alteration of motivation of the tourists. Moreover, the correlation between sustainable tourism development and Special and Alternative forms of tourism is examined. In the last section of the module analyzed: a) the characteristics, the planning and development process of special and alternative forms of tourism enterprises, b) the services and the activities comprised the special and alternative forms of tourism, c) the importance of adoption of good practices codes.

  • Learning outcomes:

    After the completeness of the learning process, the post-graduate student will be able to:

    • recognize the tourist product of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism
    • be aware of the distinct elements, the process of forming and functioning, as well as the growth  characteristics of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism
    • understand the significant role that Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism can play in the diversification, enrichment, competitiveness and sustainability of tourism
    • identify the social, economic, environmental and developmental characteristics of  Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism and the process they could be sustainable
    • be aware of examples of good practice in the development of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism in micro and macro level, and finally
    • be aware of the different alternative patterns of development and their function in order to achieve in medium term sustainable development.
  • Prerequisites:

    For the better understanding of the course it would be beneficial for the students to have sufficient knowledge of the modules: Sociology of Tourism, Tourism Economy, Tourism Marketing, Planning and Environmental Management in Tourism, Tourism Development and Policy.

  • Module Contents (Syllabus):
    • Analysis of the factors that contributed to the development of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism
    • The alteration process of development  patterns in tourist areas
    • The concept of sustainable tourism development and its correlation with the development of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism
    •  The characteristics elements of the tourism product of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism
    • Comparative analysis of the tourism product of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism and that of the Organised Mass Tourism
    •  Grouping the product of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism according to their dominant materialization motive
    • Analysis of the product groups of Special and Alternative Forms of Tourism: conceptual approach, main elements, growth factors, characteristics of tourism demand and supply.
  • Recommended Reading:
    Α) Principal Reference:
    • Adriotis, K., (2008) Sustainability and Alternative Tourism: Agritourism, Mountain Tourism, Ecotourism, Cultural Tourism. Stamouli, Athens.
    • Coccosis, H., Tsartas, P., Grimpa, E., (2011) Special and Alternatives Forms of Tourism. Kritiki, Athens.
    • Holden A., (2008) Environment and Tourism, Routledge, New York.
    • Soteriades, M., Farsari, I., (2009) Alternatives and Special Forms of Tourism: planning, management, marketing. Interbooks, Athens.
    • Venetsanopoulou, G., M., (2006) The state contribution to Tourism. Alternatives Forms of Tourism. Interbooks, Athens.
    Β) Additional References:
    • Augerinou- Kolonia, S., et al (2000) Tourism Development. Multi- Science Approaches. Exandas, Athens.
    • Coccosis, H. & Tsartas, P., (2001) Sustainable Tourism Development and Environment. Kritiki, Athens.
    • Diakomichalis, M., (2009) Maritime tourism and its influence on Greek Economy. Stamouli, Athens.
    • Fennell, D., (2001) Ecotourism. Ellin, Athens.
    • Grimpa, Ε., (2005) Conditions and perspectives of business tourism development in Greece, PhD thesis, University of the Aegean, Chios.
    • Komilis, P., (2007) Ecotourism:  an alternative perspective of sustainable tourism development, Propobos, Athens.
    • Krabaritis, K., Papageorgiou, A., (2007) Business tourism: Exhibition-incentives, business travel, conference organization, Interbooks, Athens.
    • Maroudas, L., D. Gouvis, A. Kyriakaki (2000) Relations and Interactions between Local development and Ecotourism in isolated islands. First Conference on Tourism in Islands and Specific Destinations, organised by the University of the Aegean, Chios, Greece.
    • Moira, P., (2009) Religious Tourism, Interbooks, Athens.
    • Palaskas, Th., et al (2000) Cultural tourism: development factors of the Greek economy, Academy of Athens, Athens.
    • Sxizas, G., (1998) The Alternative Tourism, Oikotopia, Athens.
    • WWF Hellas (2003) Management of ecotourism and Tourism in protected areas, WWF-Hellas, Athens.
    • WWF Hellas (2010) Guide to the Environment, Tourism and Environment, WWF-Hellas, Athens.
    • Ashworth G. J., Page S. J., (2011), “Urban tourism research: recent progress and current paradoxes”, Tourism Management, 32, (1), pp. 1-15.
    • Barros C. P., Butler R., Correia A., (2010), “The length of stay of golf tourism: a survival analysis”, Tourism Management, 31, (1), pp. 13-21.
    • Boniface P., Fowler P. J., (1993), Heritage tourism in the “Global village”, Routledge, London.
    • Burkley R., (2010), “Adventure tourism trends”, Adventure Tourism Management, pp. 215-230. 
    • Choong-Ki L., Kang S. K., Long P., Reisinger Y., (2010), “Residents’ perceptions of casino impacts: A comparative study”, Tourism Management, 32, (2), pp. 189-201.
    • Collins-Kreiner N., (2010), “The geography of pilgrimage and tourism: transformations and implications for applied geography”, Applied Geography, 30, (1), pp. 153-164.
    • Conell J., (2006), “Medical tourism: Sea, sun, sand and…surgery”, Tourism Management, 27, (6), pp.1093-1100.
    • Fennell D., (2001), “A content analysis of Ecotourism definitions”, Current Issues in Tourism, 4, (5), pp. 103-121.
    • Garrod B., Wilson J. C., (2003), Marine ecotourism: issues and experiences, Clevedon Channel View.
    • Jones S., (2005), “Community based ecotourism. The significance of social capital”, Annals of Tourism Research, 32, (2), pp.303-324.
    • MacDonald R., Jolliffe L., (2003), “Cultural rural tourism: Evidence from Canada”, Annals of Tourism Research, 30, (2), pp. 307-322.
    • Maroudas, L. & A. Kyriakaki, (2001), «The perspectives of Ecotourism Development in Small Islands of the South Dodecanese», Anatolia, Volume 12, p.p.59-71.
    • Maroudas L., Gouvis D., Kyriakaki A., (2004), “Community approach to mountain adventure tourism development”, Anatolia, 15, (1), pp. 5-18.
    • Maroudas L., Panagiotopoulou R., Gouvis D., Kyriakaki A., (2004), “Community participation in outdoor adventure tourism development process”, paper presented in the Interim symposium of the Research Committee on International Tourism (RC 50) of the International Sociological Association (ISA), 14-16 May, University of Aegean, Mytilini, Greece.
    • Nepal K. S., Chipeniouk R., (2005), “Mountain tourism: Towards a conceptual framework”, Tourism Geographies, 7 (3), pp. 313-333.
    • Nolan M., Nolan S., (1992), “Religious sites as tourism attractions in Europe”, Annals of Tourism Research, 19, (1), pp. 68-78.
    • Sharpley R., (2002), “Rural tourism and the challenge of tourism diversification: the case of Cyprus”, Tourism Management, 23, (3), pp.233-244.
    • Trauer B., (2006), “Conceptualising special interest tourism frameworks for analysis”, Tourism Management, 27, (2), pp. 183-200.
    • UNEP-WTO, (2005), Making tourism more sustainable: A guide for policy makers, Madrid.
    • Unesco, (2008), The effect of tourism on Culture and the Environment in Asia and the Pacific, UNESCO, Bangkok.
    • Weaver D., Lawton L. (2007), “Twenty years on: the state of contemporary eco-tourism research”, Tourism Management, 28, pp. 1168-1179.
    • WTO, (1993), Sustainable tourism development: guide for local planners, tourism and the Environment Publication, Spain.
  • Learning activities and Teaching Methods:
    • Course of lectures
    • Lectures from external cooperators of Post-graduate program
    • Course notes
    • Case studies (analysis and discussion)
    • Projects (presentation and discussion)
  • Assessment/Grading Methods:
    • Projects (50% of the total mark) and
    • Written exams (50% of the total mark)
  • Language of Instruction: Greek
  • Mode of delivery: Face to face
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